Jesus from Nazareth is the principal figure of Christianity in which he is believed to be the Son of God. All Scholars of ancient times, agree that Jesus was actually existed but not all of them agree about the historicity of gospel narratives and their theological assertions of his divinity. They are all agreeing that; Jesus was a Jewish Teacher from the Galilee who preached his gospel all over, during the regime of the Roman Empire in Israel and Judea; that he was baptized by John the Baptist and was crucified in Jerusalem after he was condemned to death by the Roman procurator of Judea, Pontus Pilate.
Jesus is described by many scholars in different portraits, which share a number of overlapping attributes such as the Messiah, a charismatic Healer, a philosopher, the leader of apocalyptic movement and a social reformer who preached for equal rights among all people.
In Christianity, Jesus is hold as the awaited Messiah as was described in the Old Testament, thus he is being referred as Jesus Christ.
The Life of Jesus and his acts are described by his followers, mainly by the four canonical gospels Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, which are part of what we call today day as the New Testament.
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The Gospels narrative of the life of Jesus includes 5 major milestones which are:
- Jesus Baptism – The Gospels tells us about John the Baptist who used to baptize people in the Jordan River while he is preaching for penance and repentance. According to Matthew (3:14) when John met Jesus he stated “I need to be baptized by you” but Jesus urged John to baptize him nonetheless. When Jesus emerged from the Water, it is written that a voice from heaven stated “This is my beloved Son with whom I am well pleased” and then the Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus. This is the evident that Jesus was the Son of God.
- Transfiguration – In this event of the transfiguration, Jesus transfigured and became radiant in front of 3 of his apostles at the mountain (today believed to be Mount Tabor). At that same time the voice of God is stating again that Jesus is the Son of God – “This is my beloved Son” (as it was heard during the baptism). But this time, the voice of God also stated – that Jesus is the messenger of God – “Listen to him”.
- Crucifixion – Jesus crucifixion is described in all four canonical gospels and is regarded as an historical event. Jesus is being crucified on a cross together with 2 thieves at Golgotha (also called Calvary) after he carried his cross along the Via Dolorosa. By dying on the cross, Jesus redeemed our sins.
- Resurrection – the gospel recounts that the first day of the week after the crucifixion of Jesus, typically interpreted as Sunday, the tomb of Jesus was found to be empty by his followers. Mark (16:9) and John (20:15) indicate that Jesus appeared to the Magdalene (Mary Magdalene) first. The Resurrection of Jesus is considered the proof that Jesus was the son of God. Many Christians believe that the site of the crucifixion and then the resurrection of Jesus is where it is today the Church of the Holy Sepulchre here in Jerusalem. Others believe that the site of the Crucifixion and resurrection is where it is today the Garden tomb.
- Ascension – after Jesus resurrection, the gospel count several post resurrection appearance of Jesus to his followers. The final post resurrection appearance is 40 days after Jesus resurrection when Jesus ascended to Heaven on top of Mount of Olives as it is described by Luke (24:51). Today, the site of Jesus ascension into heaven is marked by the Chapel of the Ascension on top of Mount of Olives here in Jerusalem.
When we explore the gospels for Jesus teaching, we can categorize Jesus’ work into 3 sections:
- Ministry – this is the preaching of Jesus. According to Luke (3:23) Jesus was “about 30 years of age” at the start of his ministry. Jesus’ Ministry begins with this Baptism by John the Baptist and end at the last supper with Jesus’ disciples in Jerusalem. Jesus started his ministry around the Sea of Galilee and then encourage by his first disciples, Jesus began traveling and preaching all over Israel. The final ministry of Jesus takes place in Jerusalem and sometimes it is called the Passion Week. This period began with Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday.
- Parables – the Parables represent a major component of the teachings of Jesus in the gospels, forming approximately one third of his recorded teachings, and John (14:10) positions them as the revelations of God the Father. Jesus’ parables are seemingly simple and memorable stories, often with imagery, and each conveys a message. Scholars have commented that although these parables seem simple, the messages they convey are deep, and central to the teachings of Jesus
- Miracles – The miracles of Jesus are the supernatural deeds of Jesus, as recorded in the Gospels, in the course of his ministry. According to the Gospel of John, only some of these were recorded. John (21:25) states that “Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, …even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.
I welcome you to explore this website and to experience the places where Jesus lived, conducted his ministry and his miracles, and eventually return to heaven to be with his father.
Now, Let’s All Live the Jerusalem Experience !!!